دانلود رایگان کتاب Conservation Assessment and Management Plan Workshop for Selected Species of Medicinal Plants of Southern India
The Convention on Biological Diversity signed by 150 states in Rio de Janerio in 1992 calls on signatories to identify and components of their state biodiversity and prioritise ecosystems and habitats, species and communities and genomes of social, scientific and economic value.The new IUCN Red List criteria have been revised by IUCN to reflect the need for greater objectivity and precision when categorising species for conservation action. The CAMP process, developed by the Conservation Breeding Specialist Group, has emerged as an effective, flexible, participatory and scientific methodology for conducting species prioritisation exercises using the IUCN criteria.
Since 1995, the Foundation for Revitalisation of Local Health Traditions has been conducting CAMP Workshops for oneof the major groups of conservation concern, medicinal plants. The present workshop is the third in a series which has assessed 139 preselected taxa. These pioneering exercises by FRLHT led to the CAMP process and IUCN Red List Categories being selected by the Endangered Species Subgroup for use in the species prioritisation component of the Biodiversity Conservation Prioritisation Project for India. The first of a series of seven workshops took up selected north, north east, central, and north western medicinal plants for assessment. The combined output of xxx plants assessed in the three workshops of FLRHT and the one workshop under BCPP were noted and used to propose a revised Negative List of Exports, a revised list of species for inclusion on the Wildlife Protection Act and to suggest other conservation measures at the state level.
Medicinal plants are receiving an enormous amount of attention today. The resurgence of interest in natural systems of medicine, in indigenous peoples and practices, the increasing use of parts or extracts or compounds made from medicinal plants, the realisation of the potential loss through both domestic and foreign trade, and the publicity engenered by the Convention on Biodiversity and Gatt treaty have combined to form what is practically a “movement” for medicinal plants.As individuals and institutions discover new properties, there is a growing number of plants being classified as “medicinal”, perhaps due to the identification of a secondary metabolite or the working out of a phytochemical composition which determines medicinal value. Most of medicinal plants in India are so classified because of traditional practices and uses. A search of literature with unprejudiced inclusion of all species listed by someone (in print) as “medicinal” yielded a tally of more than 5,000 species.